Scientists are tracking down deep sea creatures with free-floating DNA
Bits of genetic code in seawater can help scientists study fish that we rarely see. article in Popular Science by Kat Eschner published November 5, 2020
Brazilian crustacean experts Rafael Rosa, Daniel Cavallari & Ana Vera-Silva suggest that the abominable Yeti crab discovered by the Census of Marine Life and described in 2006 by Macpherson, Jones & Segonzac inspired the Pokémon figure Crabominable in their wonderful article in the Journal of Geek Studies, Pokécrustacea: the crustacean-inspired Pokémon.
An excellent article by Sam Moore in the Martha’s Vineyard Times and its magazine Edible Vineyard feature Jesse Ausubel’s views and his collection of eDNA at the Inkwell Beach in Oak Bluffs and elsewhere on the Island.
Our environmental DNA discovery of unusual fish is featured in the American Fisheries Society blog. The post highlights the growing complement of East Coast eDNA researchers, including our NOAA colleague Yuan Liu.
National Fisherman May 14, 2020 Genetic markers reveal Brazilian cownose rays, Gulf kingfish in New Jersey waters Kirk Moore
Agencia EFE (via El Diario, Spain) El analísis de ADN medioambiental detecta migraciones de especies marinas https://www.eldiario.es/sociedad/analisis-ADN-medioambiental-migraciones-especies_0_1026448521.html
Prensa Latina, Cuba Descubren nuevos patrones de migración de especies marinas tropicales https://www.prensa-latina.cu/index.php?o=rn&id=365583&SEO=descubren-nuevos-patrones-de-migracion-de-especies-marinas-tropicales
Globedia, Spain Detectan migraciones de especies marinas gracias al ADN medioambiental http://globedia.com/detectan-migraciones-especies-marinas-gracias-adn-medioambiental
Revista Planeta, Brazil Arraia típica do Brasil está chegando perto da costa de Nova York https://www.revistaplaneta.com.br/arraia-tipica-do-brasil-esta-chegando-perto-da-costa-de-nova-york/
DIVE Magazine, UK DNA Traces Prove To Be Useful Tool in Understanding Fish Populations http://divemagazine.co.uk/eco/8973-tracking-and-tracing-in-the-ocean-using-dna-residue
Front. Mar. Sci., 05 May 2020 | https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.00226
Improved Environmental DNA Reference Library Detects Overlooked Marine Fishes in New Jersey, United States
Mark Y. Stoeckle*, Mithun Das Mishu and Zachary Charlop-Powers
- Program for the Human Environment, The Rockefeller University, New York, NY, United States
An accurate, comprehensive reference sequence library maximizes information gained from environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding of marine fishes. Here, we used a regional checklist and early results from an ongoing eDNA time series to target mid-Atlantic U.S. coastal fishes lacking reference sequences. We obtained 60 specimens representing 31 species from NOAA trawl surveys and institutional collections, and analyzed 12S and COI barcode regions, the latter to confirm specimen identification. Combined with existing GenBank accessions, the enhanced 12S dataset covered most (74%) of 341 fishes on New Jersey State checklist including 95% of those categorized abundant or common. For eDNA time series, we collected water samples approximately twice monthly for 24 months at an ocean and a bay site in New Jersey. Metabarcoding was performed using separate 12S primer sets targeting bony and cartilaginous fishes. Bioinformatic analysis of Illumina MiSeq fastq files with the augmented library yielded exact matches for 90% of the 104 fish amplicon sequence variants generated from field samples. Newly obtained reference sequences revealed two southern U.S. species as relatively common warm season migrants: Gulf kingfish (Menticirrhus littoralis) and Brazilian cownose ray (Rhinoptera brasiliensis). A beach wrack specimen corroborated the local presence of Brazilian cownose ray. Our results highlight the value of strengthening reference libraries and demonstrate that eDNA can help detect range shifts including those of species overlooked by traditional surveys.