In the Spring of 2015 Rockefeller University’s Program for the Human Environment entered into a 5-year partnership with Monmouth University’s Urban Coast Institute to create the Marine Science & Policy Initiative (MSPI). The intent was to harness the resources of both institutions to conduct research and policy analysis, enhance student experiences in and out of the classroom, and support community stewardship of coastal and ocean ecosystems.
The effort is led by Jesse Ausubel, Director of the Program for the Human Environment, Paul Gaffney, Vice-Admiral (Ret.) US Navy and President Emeritus, Monmouth University, and Tony MacDonald, Director of the Urban Coast Institute at Monmouth University; advisors include Michael Kubin, Rick Larrabee, Russell Pennoyer, Steve Ramberg, Howard Rosenbaum, and Bob Sculthorpe.
The MSPI has encompassed three areas of study:
Aquatic DNA,. Analyzing “naked DNA” in water samples can reveal what animals are nearby. Aquatic environmental DNA (eDNA) enables monitoring of fish and other aquatic animals more cheaply and easily than traditional methods such as nets. We have now tested this emerging technology in more than 600 samples from marine and freshwater environments, many around New York City. In 2018 PHE/MURU hosted the first US National Conference on Marine eDNA.
Ocean Exploration. The 2016 National Ocean Exploration Forum, held at The Rockefeller University, brought together a range of stakeholders to help identify and harness new technologies for ocean exploration including the growing role of autonomous vehicles.
International Quiet Ocean Experiment. The IQOE aims to grow a large-scale international effort to measure soundscapes of the world’s oceans and better understand potential biological effects of sound. Advances in signal processing are opening exciting new opportunities for passive acoustics to listen, for example, to coral reefs or kelp forests and learn about the diversity and abundance of species present.
Publications about Oceans
Introducing the International Quiet Ocean Experiment [external link]. ECO - Environment, Coastal, Offshore 6-9 2019 Ocean Sound Special Issue.
Marine eDNA 101 (PDF) [external link]. 2018.
SuBastian and the Roboats (PDF). Pp. 28-31 in Final Report of the 2016 National Ocean Exploration Forum: Beyond the Ships 2020–2025. 2017 (Slightly abridged version published in Sea Technology 58(1):7, January 2017.). .
Final Report of the 2016 National Ocean Exploration Forum: Beyond the Ships 2020–2025. (PDF). The Marine Science and Policy Series, Program for the Human Environment, The Rockefeller University, and Monmouth University 34 pp 2017.
Ocean Past, Ocean Future: Reflections on the Shift from the 19th to 21st Century Ocean (PDF). Michelson Memorial Lecture, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, 15 October 2015.
Impact of Volcanic Eruptions on the Seafloor Around Montserrat, West Indies. Oceanography 27 (1): 36–37 2014.
Ocean Exploration (PDF). The Report of Ocean Exploration 2020: A National Forum, Aquarium of the Pacific and NOAA, Long Beach CA 34–35 2013.
Wealth from the Oceans: Use, Stewardship, and Security (PDF). Keynote address, 8th Annual Future of the Ocean Symposium, Monmouth University, West Long Branch, N.J., 26 October 2012.
An International Quiet Ocean Experiment (PDF). Oceanography 24 (2): 174–181 2011 doi:10.5670/oceanog.2011.37.
Making marine life count: A new baseline for policy [external link]. PLoS Biology 8 (10): 2010 Census Marine Life.
A census of ocean life: On the difficulty and joy of seeing what Is near and far (PDF). SGI Quarterly : 2010 Census of marine life.
First Census of Marine Life 2010: Highlights of a Decade of Discovery (PDF) [external link]. CoML 2010.
Broadening the scope of global change to include illumination and noise [external link]. SEED Magazine : 2009 Census of Marine Life, illumination, noise.
High school students track down fish fraud (PDF). Pacific Fishing September: 34 2008 barcode, dna barcode, barcoding, dna barcoding.
On the Limits to Knowledge of Future Marine Biodiversity (PDF). Electronic Journal of Sustainable Development 1 (2): 19–23 2008 Biodiversity, marine life, fisheries, ocean.
Future knowledge of life in oceans past (PDF). In Oceans Past: Management Insights from the History of Marine Animal Populations, D. J. Starkey, P. Holm, and M. Barnard (eds.), Earthscan, London an xix–xxvi 2008 Biodiversity, marine life, fisheries, ocean.
Inaugural speech, South American workshop on Marine biodiversity for the census of marine life (PDF). Gayana 67 (2): 143–144 2003 Biodiversity, marine life, fisheries, ocean.
The Census of Marine Life: Progress and Prospects Fisheries 26 (7): 33–36 2001 Fisheries, marine life.
The Census of Marine Life and the Role of Aquariums Bulletin de l'Institut océanographique, Monaco 20 (1): 67 2001 Bulletin de l'Institut océanographique, Monaco, no spécial 20, fascicule 1 Census of Marine Life, aquarium.
Toward a Census of Marine Life (PDF). Oceanography 12 (3): 4–5 1999 marine biodiversity.
The Census of the Fishes: Concept Paper phe.rockefeller.edu, January 1997.