The Scientific Enterprise

Portrait of Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626)

Science functions globally as a single club, a single cognitive formation, with a mix of experimental evidence, mathematics and computation as its lingua franca. The excellent networks characteristic of science amplify the responsibilities and opportunities of scientists.  In recent decades, the organization of science has shifted to increase the number and scale of geographically dispersed, disciplinary networks as organizations and fiscal units.  The distribution of institutions that house and enable science will surely shift again. 

The PHE examines the scientific enterprise from a variety of perspectives including the role of science in government and diplomacy, the institutional organization of scientific research, and the life of working scientists. 

PHE is keenly interested in scientific cooperation between nations in conflict and more generally interactions of science and diplomacy. In 2013, with Dr. Mande Holford (CUNY) and the late Rodney Nichols, Jesse Ausubel initiated an annual seminar series for graduate students and post-doctoral research associates on “science diplomacy” which seeded The Rockefeller University’s Hurford Foundation initiative on science diplomacy. For recent curricula visit 2019, 201820172016, 2015.

PHE also helps organize the University’s Insight Lecture Series.  This evening lecture series (which began as the Zanvil Cohn Forum on Biomedical Affairs) brings thought leaders in science, business, health, politics, arts, and humanities to Rockefeller to address the wider interests of our students, fellows, staff, faculty and trustees.

Similarly, PHE helps organize the Lewis Thomas Prize for Writing about Science, named for its first recipient, Lewis Thomas, an annual literary prize awarded by Rockefeller to scientists or physicians deemed to have accomplished a significant literary achievement; it recognizes “scientists as poets.”

We also see our participation in the quest to obtain and sequence the genome of Leonardo Da Vinci as part of our studies of the scientific enterprise. Leonardo was himself an immense scientific enterprise.

From 1989-1993 Jesse Ausubel served as director of studies for the Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government. Seventeen major reports of the Commission are posted here. For a brief summary of the Commission’s work, read Joshua Lederberg’s PREAMBLE AND HIGHLIGHTS OF THE COMMISSION’S RECOMMENDATIONS, pages 6-11 of the concluding report.

About the icon – Portrait of Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626)

Publications about The Scientific Enterprise

JH Ausubel. Using New Anthropological and Biological Tools to Learn about Leonardo Da Vinci. Human Evolution 31 (3): 125–131 2016

JH Ausubel. La liberazione dell’ambiente (autobiography-Italian version) [external link]. Di Renzo Editore 112 2014

IK Wernick. Living in a Material World. Issues in Science and Technology Winter (2014): 29–31 2014

PE Waggoner. Appanoose To Connecticut (PDF). Self Published Memoir 1–64 2011

AL Singer Jr. Easy to forget, and so hard to remember (PDF). 97 pp 2010 Self-published memoirs of Arthur L. Singer, Jr. memoirs

JH Ausubel, C Marchetti. Science, Conquering Child of the Church (PDF). 2003 Draft prepared for Next 1000 Years meeting, 9-10 October 2003

C Marchetti, JH Ausubel. The Next 1000 Years (PDF). 2003 Discussion paper for April 2003 Rockefeller U workshop

JH Ausubel, S Tobias. Mastering science: Graduate schools invigorate the MS in science and math (PDF). Change, The Magazine of Higher Learning, 2002 Higher Education

JH Ausubel. Scientists, War, Diplomacy, Europe George C. Marshall Institute News 3 (4): 2001

JH Ausubel. Five Worthy Ways to Spend Large Amounts of Money for Research on Environment and Resources The Bridge 29 (3): 4–16 1999 Research, funding, zepp, wood products, natural gas

JH Ausubel. A. L. de Cerreno and A. Keynan, eds, "Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences". International Conflicts over Environment: Scientist’s Roles and Opportunities Scientific Cooperation, State Conflict: The Role of Scientists in Mitigating International Discord : 253–258 1998 scientists, conflict, international

JH Ausubel. National Academy, Washington DC. The Liberation of the Environment Pp. 1-13 in Technological Trajectories and the Human Environment, JH Ausubel and HD Langford (eds) 1997 An earlier version was published by The Collegium Budapest, Budapest, Hungary, A krnyezet felszabadtasa (The Liberation of the Environment, in Hungarian) Magyar Tudomany CII(2):164-171, 1995. Also appeared in Portuguese, A Liberacao do Meio Ambiente, Tecbahia 12(2):29-41, 1997 energy, agriculture, water, materials, population, technology innovation, diffusion, land use, carbon, dematerialization, natural resources

JH Ausubel, R Herman, WF Massy, SV Massy. Simulating the Academy: Toward Understanding Colleges and Universities as Dynamic Systems What Higher Education is Doing Right, W.F. Massy and J.W. Meyerson, eds., Princeton University 107–120 1997 120 Higher Education, Dynamic Systems

JH Ausubel. Malthus And Graduate Students: Checks On Burgeoning Ranks Of Ph.D.’s The Scientist 10 (3): 11 1996 Higher Education

JH Ausubel. Science international: a US view of its institutional needs (PDF). Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 20 (2): 104–109 1995 Republished in The Scientist 8(3):11-14, 1994. Republished in Technology in Society 19(1):25-31, 1997. Scientific cooperation

JH Ausubel. Rails and snails and the debate over goals for science (PDF). Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem, Israel 1994 Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem Scientific cooperation

JH Ausubel. The Organizational Ecology of Science Advice in America (PDF). European Review 1 (3): 249–261 1993 Scientific cooperation

JH Ausubel, JH Steele. Flat organizations for earth science [external link]. Bull Am Meteorol Soc 74 (5): 809–814 1993 Scientific cooperation

JH Ausubel and WD Carey. Facing toward governments: Non governmental organizations and scientific and technical advice (PDF) [external link]. Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government 1993 Scientific cooperation, science advice

J Lederberg, JH Ausubel. Science And The Presidency: 1993 [external link]. The Scientist 12 1993 Commentary in October 26, 1992 issue

JH Ausubel, DG Victor. Verification of International Environmental Agreements Annual Review of Energy and the Environment : 1–43 1992 environmental law, monitoring, compliance, regime

JH Ausubel. International environmental research and assessment: Proposals for better organization and decision making [external link]. Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government 1992 Scientific cooperation, science advice

JH Ausubel. Intellectual Migrations and Global Universities. In Strategies for Support of Scientific Research: Problems of the Transition Period, W.A. Blanpied & S. Sperlagh (eds), Hungarian Academy of Sciences, pp. 147–160 1992

JH Ausubel. Current trends and environmental research needs. (PDF). Interdisciplinary Science Reviews : 221-231 1988 doi: 10.1179/isr.1988.13.3.211

RW Kates, JH Ausubel, M Berberian (eds.). Climate Impact Assessment – Studies of the Interaction of Climate and Society SCOPE 27 (PDF). Climate Impact Assessment, SCOPE 27 625 pp. 1985